Gentianopsis virgata (Raf.) Holub - Small Fringed Gentian


 

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Gentianopsis virgata - (image 1 of 6)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Gentianaceae

 

Synonymous with Gentiana procera Holm and Gentianopsis procera (Holm) Ma

Habitat

Calcareous fens, wet meadows

Associates

Consistently found with Lobelia kalmii and Parnassia glauca. Other associates include Aster borealis, Cirsium muticum, Thelypteris palustris, Epilobium leptophyllum, Eupatorium perfoliatum, Juncus brachycephalus, Lythrum alatum, Oxypolis rigidior, Panicum flexile, Pedicularis lanceolata, Potentilla fruticosa, Solidago ohioensis, Solidago ridellii, Valeriana ciliata.

Distribution

Northern and western NY and southern Ontario to southern Manitoba and IA (var. virgata).

Morphology

Biennial. Leaves opposite, linear to linear-lanceolate, mostly less than 1cm wide. Flowers blue, on stout peduncles 2cm or more long; corollas 4-parted, more than 2.5cm long, lobes fringed, broad summit of lobes erose-dentate; Calyx tube more than 5mm long.

Notes

Flowers early September to early October

Wetland indicator: OBL

Very much like Gentianopsis crinita but generally with more narrow leaves and less deeply fringed corolla lobes.

References

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.

The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY

 

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

 

USDA, NRCS. 2002.
The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 (http://plants.usda.gov).
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.


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 Michael Hough 2004